Instructions & Guidebooks
Brian K. Scheick, Mark W. Cunningham, J. Walter McCown, and Mike A. Orlando: During 1995–2006 research projects in Florida and Kentucky, USA, the authors captured 191 (72 F:119 M) American black bears (Ursus americanus) 251 times using modified Aldrich spring-activated snares. The modifications the authors describe is an improvement to existing snaring methods and are applicable for any snare trigger and for any species trapped using an anchored foot snare.
Kim Annis, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks: A properly constructed electric fence is safe for people and pets and has proven to be effective at deterring bears from apiaries (beehives), fruit trees, gardens, livestock pens, rabbit hutches, garbage containers, dog kennels, chicken coups, compost piles, storage sheds, along with numerous other uses. There is an abundant variety of applications and effective fencing designs for deterring bears. Design, construction and proper maintenance will determine the effectiveness of your electric fence. Safety is always a concern when using electrified equipment. Modern electric fence energizers have been shown to be safe for humans, animals and vegetation. The pulse rate of a modern energizer is so quick that they cannot generate enough heat to start vegetation on fire. While touching an electrified fence is unpleasant, modern energizers are safe to use around pets and children.
Bear Aware: How to establish bylaws in your community - a step by step guide.
Carrie Packwood Freeman, Marc Bekoff, and Sarah M. Bexell: As part of journalism’s commitment to truth and justice by providing a diversity of relevant points of view, journalists have an obligation to provide the perspective of nonhuman animals in everyday stories that influence the animals’ and our lives. This essay provides justification and guidance on why and how this can be accomplished, recommending that, when writing about nonhuman animals or issues, journalists should: (1) observe, listen to, and communicate with animals and convey this information to audiences via detailed descriptions and audiovisual media, (2) interpret nonhuman animal behavior and communication to provide context and meaning, and (3) incorporate the animals’ stories and perspectives, and consider what is in their best interest. To fairly balance animal-industry sources and the anthropocentric biases that are traditionally inherent in news requires that journalists select less objectifying language and more appropriate human sources without a vested interest in how animals are used.
Resort Municipality of Whistler: These guidelines provide exact specifications and drawings to build a bear-proof garbage enclosure. There are three design options; two completely secure buildings - a smaller enclosure without recycling options and a larger one to accommodate recycling. The third option is for aesthetics only and a bear-proof container would have to be placed inside.
Resort Municipality of Whistler: These guidelines provide criteria for bear-proof waste containers.
Mining and Petroleum Environmental Research Group: These guidelines provide best practices for minimizing the impacts of increased industrial activity on bears and bear habitat and handling bear encounters.
Canadian Council on Animal Care: The Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) is responsible for overseeing the use of animals in research, teaching and testing. Participation in the CCAC program is mandatory for academic institutions. Failure to adhere to CCAC guidelines and policies may lead to suspension of funding for research programs and/or institutions (CCAC, Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, vol. 1, 2nd ed., 1993; CIHR, NSERC & SSHRC, Memorandum of Understanding on the Roles and Responsibilities in the Management of Federal Grants and Awards, Schedule 3: Ethical Review of Research Involving Animals, 2000). Although the care and use of wildlife is regulated through provincial, territorial and federal legislation, some agencies responsible for wildlife have adopted animal care guidelines, including those of the CCAC, and have established internal committees that oversee the care and use of wildlife for research, management and operational procedures. Many of these agencies are keenly interested in and/or are participating in the CCAC program in order to provide public accountability for their work.
Dawn Johnson: One of the most rewarding discoveries for a bear in an urban area is an unsecured grease vessel. Many restaurants and eateries use these vessels to store used cooking oil which is then collected by companies that recycle the oil into products like biodiesel. Although this is an important environmental service, when mishandled, it can come at the cost of a bear’s life. A full standard barrel contains 210 liters of oil. That translates into a whopping 1.6 MILLION calories for the smaller vessels (in bear terms, that is a MAJOR SCORE… equal to many weeks of foraging for berries). The caloric value, combined with the smell of tasty fryer fixings, makes grease vessels irresistible. Attractants such as this draw bears into urban areas. Once there, it is often easy for bears to opportunistically find unsecured food, garbage, or other attractants. It only takes one food reward for a bear to start becoming food conditioned. Food conditioned bears are at a much higher risk for being killed due to human-bear conflict.
Rich Beausoleil, Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife: This manual is intended to be a reference guide for WDFW field personnel involved in managing black bear conflict (wildlife and enforcement programs) and to promote professionalism. However, it is NOT a chemical immobilization manual. Immobilization delivery systems, legal responsibilities associated with chemical immobilization (such as DEA compliance, drug usage, documentation, and storage), drug types, drug effects, and proper dosages are critical topics that are NOT covered in this manual. All field personnel should be familiar with WDFW animal handling protocols and should have attended formal WDFW immobilization training courses provided by WDFW veterinarians before handling any wildlife in the field.
John Beecham, Ph.D., WSPA: The following information was developed based on the experience of the author in raising and releasing American black bears in Idaho between 1972 and the present, from information derived from the scientific literature and from the observations and experience of many bear rehabilitators who responded in 2005 to a survey of bear rehabilitation centers around the world. The World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA) funded the survey. It was sent electronically to 40 individuals with experience raising and/or releasing orphan bear cubs. They were asked to identify critical components of the rehabilitation process associated with successful releases. Twenty-three individuals representing seven countries responded to the survey, providing information on the methods they used to raise, release and monitor the survival of six species of bears. Specific topics addressed in the survey included the physical characteristics of the rehabilitation facility, handling and care of the cubs, funding sources and release and monitoring protocols. A short follow-up survey was sent to selected individuals to gather additional information about the fates of released bears.
Human-Bear Conflict Working Group - WSPA: This document was designed to provide information for decision-makers in government and specialized non-governmental organizations (NGO) to improve their understanding and management of HBC. HBC situations are complex and each situation requires careful analysis and an interdisciplinary, science-based approach that involves affected peoples. The goal here is to provide a general outline of fundamental concepts and ideas associated with HBC, which can be investigated more thoroughly to deal with specific situations.
Sylvia Dolson et al, Get Bear Smart Society: This 85 page guide will provide you with a better understanding of bear behaviour and an understanding
of various techniques for responding to human-bear conflicts, including an introductory level
working knowledge of bear aversion methodology. The knowledge gained through this guide
will enable you to better understand and diffuse human-bear conflict situations in a manner that
increases safety for the public, the bear manager/police officer and bears.
FundRaising Success, a Target Marketing Group Publication: Face it, no one likes to talk about death - especially not his or her own. And to talk about planned giving, you have to acknowledge the fact that a "planned" gift is one that will be given to a charity after the donor has shuffled off his or her mortal coil. It takes a very specific approach - and personality type - to do it well. This whitepaper introduces you to: (1) Seven essential steps to launching a successful planned-giving program; (2) 10 things you must know about planned giving; (3) The seven deadly sins of planned-giving strategies; (4) How to make planned-giving donors feel special; (5) The privacy pitfalls inherent in planned giving and how to avoid them.
FundRaising Success: You've heard the whispers in the wind - more and more people, especially younger ones - are eschewing personal e-mail and relying on social-networking sites like MySpace and Facebook to communicate with their friends. As a result, many personal e-mail accounts are not much more than repositories for marketing messages whose subject lines get a quick glance before the owners hit the "Delete" button. Whether things have gone that far or not (and we don't believe they have, yet), the fact remains that anyone with an e-mail account is the target of hundreds of marketing messages a day and the potential target of thousands - many of them fundraising appeals from you and your (for lack of a better word) competitors. Your job as a legit professional looking to raise funds via e-mail is to make your e-mail messages stand out amid the ads for male-enhancement pills and diet breakthroughs and the latest appeal from the beleaguered Nigerian prince who wants to give someone a million dollars to help him keep his family fortune from falling into the hands of his oppressors.